Just some Basics

So I am once again plagued by illness! I really wish winter would hurry up and leave already!! But I will go over some basics today!

date founded

622 CE

place founded

Mecca, Saudi Arabia

founder

Muhammad (born c.570), a trade merchant from Arabia

adherents

1.3 billion

size rank

second largest in the world

main location

Middle East and North Africa

major sects and denominations

Sunni and Shiite

Twelvers – Majority Shi’ite denomination that reveres the Twelve Imams

Seveners – Shi’ite denomination holding that the legitimate line of imams ended with the seventh

Sufi is a mystical branch

sacred text

Qur’an (Koran)

original language

Arabic

religious professionals

sheikh; imam (Shi’ite)

house of worship

mosque

ultimate reality

God (Allah in Arabic); the same God revealed (imperfectly) in the Jewish and Christian Bibles

type of theism

strict monotheism

human nature

Born in a state of purity, imperfect yet capable of seeking God and doing good (see Islamic Beliefs about Human Nature)

purpose of life

Submit to the will of Allah and attain paradise after death (see Purpose of Life and Salvation in Islam)

how to live

Follow the Qur’an, Hadith and Five Pillars of Islam

afterlife

Resurrection of body and soul followed by eternal paradise or hell (see Muslim Beliefs about the Afterlife)

symbol

crescent moon and star (see Islamic Symbols)

major holidays

Ramadan – month long, begins Oct. 16, 2004

Eid al-Fitr – Festival of Breaking the Fast

Hijra – week long; begins 1 Muharram

Eid al-Adha – Festival of Sacrifice

Five Pillars

1. Confession of faith (shahada)

2. Daily prayer (salat)

3. Alms tax (zakat)

4. Pilgrimage to Mecca (hajj)

5. Fasting during Ramadan (sawm)

Twelve Imams

1. Ali

2. Al-Hasan

3. al-Husain

4. Ali Zayn al-Abidin

5. Muhammad al-Baqir

6. Ja’far al-Sadiq

7. Musa al-Kazim

8. Ali al-Rida

9. Muhammad al-Taqi

10. Ali al-Naqi

11. al-Hasan al-Askari

12. Muhammad al-Mahd

This works too because it gives me some topics to definitely hit. I’m hoping next week to dive head first in to this, wish me luck :-)I have already found interesting things out about this religion!

Blessings
Lucy

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