Wrapping it up

Religion

Judaism

Basic Beliefs

Due to Judaism’s interaction with other religions that claimed a common source (such as Christianity and Islam), the basics of Jewish belief were summarized in a creed by the medieval rabbinic authority Maimonides, or the Rambam as he is known in Jewish sources. It was necessary to clearly define what it is that Judaism holds as the truth, and what makes it distinct from other religions.His creed consists of thirteen affirmations of the following beliefs:

God exists

God is one and unique

God is incorporeal

God is eternal

Prayer is to God only.

The prophets spoke truth.

Moses was the greatest of the prophets.

The Written and Oral Torah were given to Moses.

There will be no other Torah.

God knows the thoughts and deeds of men.

God will reward the good and punish the wicked.

The Messiah will come.

The dead will be resurrected.

Deities Worshipped

Judaism is a monotheistic faith, meaning that Jews believe there is only One God. Often this God is beyond our ability to comprehend, but God is nevertheless present in our everyday lives. How individual Jews choose to understand this manifestation of the divine varies. Some connect with God through prayer, others see the divine in the majesty of the natural world, others may not think about God on a daily basis. Each individual’s relationship with God is unique and personal.

Founded

Unknown

Scared Texts

The Torah,Tanakh,Nevi’im (Prophets), Ketuvim (Writings), Talmud: The Oral Torah,  Midrash, Responsa, Zohar.

Celebrations

Rosh Hashanah: Jewish New Year (1 Tishri)

Yom Kippur: Day of Atonement (10 Tishri)

Sukkot: Festival of Booths (15 Tishri)

Hanukkah (25 Kislev)

Tu B’Shevat: New Year for Trees (15 Shevat)

Purim (15 Adar)

Pesach: Passover (15 Nisan)

Shavuot: Pentecost (6 Sivan)

Afterlife

views vary: Gan Eden, Gehinnom, nonexistence, or reincarnation

Places of Worship

synagogue (“temple” in Reform Judaism)

Cultural Impact

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