13 principles of Faith

The most accepted summary of Jewish beliefs is Rambam’s 13 principles of faith.

Moses ben-Maimon, called Maimonides and also known as Rambam, was a preeminent medieval Jewish philosopher and one of the greatest Torah scholars and physicians of the Middle Ages. He was born in Córdoba, Spain on Passover Eve, 1135, and died in Egypt (or Tiberias) on 20th Tevet, December 12, 1204.He was a rabbi, physician and philosopher in Morocco and Egypt.
Although his writings on Jewish law and ethics were met with respectful opposition during his life, he was posthumously acknowledged to be one of the foremost rabbinical arbiters and philosophers in Jewish history, his copious work a cornerstone of Jewish scholarship. His fourteen-volume Mishneh Torah still carries canonical authority as a codification of Talmudic law. In the Yeshiva world he is known as “Hanesher Hagadol” (the great eagle) in recognition of his outstanding status as a bona fide exponent of the Oral Torah, particularly on account of the manner in which his Mishneh Torah is elucidated by Chaim Soloveitchik.n his commentary on the Mishneh, Maimonides formulates his 13 principles of faith. They summarized what he viewed as the required beliefs of Judaism.These principles were controversial when first proposed, evoking criticism by Rabbi Hasdai Crescas and Rabbi Joseph Albo, and were effectively ignored by much of the Jewish community for the next few centuries. However, these principles became widely held; today, Orthodox Judaism holds these beliefs to be obligatory.

1. The existence of God

2. God’s unity

3. God’s spirituality and incorporeality

4. God’s eternity

5. God alone should be the object of worship

6. Revelation through God’s prophets

7. The preeminence of Moses among the prophets

8. God’s law given on Mount Sinai

9. The immutability of the Torah as God’s Law

10. God’s foreknowledge of human actions

11. Reward of good and retribution of evil

12. The coming of the Jewish Messiah

13. The resurrection of the dead

I’m glad it’s only day3 because I am still do confused about all this!  Hopefully it gets clearer. Probably the last post till Monday busy weekend ahead! :-S

Blessings
Lucy

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